When the Equal Pay Act of 1963 became law, President John F. Kennedy declared the end of the "unconscionable practice of paying female employees less wages than male employees for the same job." Yet, in 2014, when women across the United States earn, on average, 77 cents for every dollar men earn, the U.S. Senate blocked consideration of the Paycheck Fairness Act, which would make it illegal for employers to penalize employees who discuss their salaries.
Why is salary transparency so important to some and so frightening to others?
Why wouldn't everyone, both men and women, want to know what people earn in the workplace? Why does our society tolerate draconian measures that keep salary information a secret?